AFFF Foam and Cancer: A Public Health Crisis

In recent years, an alarming public health crisis has emerged. It casts a shadow over the lives of firefighters, industrial workers, and communities living near contaminated sites.

This crisis revolves around Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF), a substance once hailed as a breakthrough in fire suppression technology. AFFF, containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), has been extensively used in combating hazardous fires, especially those involving flammable liquids.

However, the very compounds designed to save lives and property have been linked to a devastating consequence: cancer.

This article delves into the unsettling connection between AFFF foam and cancer.

The Link Between AFFF Foam and Cancer

The AFFF foam cancer link is a chilling reality underscored by compelling research and heartbreaking personal stories. Scientific studies have unequivocally demonstrated that exposure to PFAS present in AFFF significantly elevates the risk of developing specific types of cancer. They include kidney cancer, testicular cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, leukemia, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

Firefighters, in particular, find themselves at an alarmingly high risk of PFAS exposure due to their extensive use of AFFF during firefighting operations.

One poignant example is of Gary Flook. A dedicated Air Force firefighter, Flook, regularly trained with AFFF at Chanute Air Force Base and Grissom Air Force Base. His story, shared by the Chicago Sun-Times, tragically reveals the consequences of this exposure.

Diagnosed with testicular cancer in 2000 at the age of 45, Flook underwent surgery and chemotherapy, the painful repercussions of his dedicated service.

Similarly, the experience of Shane Nantz, a second-generation Charlotte-area firefighter, echoes the devastating impact of PFAS exposure. His father, stationed at the PFAS-contaminated Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, was diagnosed with kidney cancer, a disease linked to their exposure to toxic substances.

North Carolina Attorney General Josh Stein’s lawsuit against 14 AFFF manufacturers, as reported by The Lund Report, underscores the magnitude of the issue. This legal action not only highlights the contamination but also points fingers at manufacturers for their failure to provide proper safety instructions.

These heart-wrenching accounts underscore the urgent need for stringent regulations and responsible practices to safeguard lives. The tragic stories of Flook, and Nantz, serve as poignant reminders that the fight against AFFF-related cancers is a moral imperative demanding swift action.

The Public Health Impact of AFFF Foam Exposure

Millions of individuals have unwittingly come into contact with PFAS through contaminated drinking water, food, and air, resulting in dire consequences for public health. Beyond the heightened risk of cancer, PFAS exposure has been linked to a myriad of other health problems, including reproductive issues.

A recent development, reported by The Guardian, highlights the magnitude of the issue. Major corporations like DuPont and 3M are facing substantial liability claims from public water systems that serve a significant portion of the US population.

In a monumental settlement close to $1.2 billion, DuPont and related companies agreed to compensate public water systems for PFAS contamination. The case, involving the small city of Stuart, Florida, exposed the contamination of its drinking water with substances used in firefighting foam.

This legal battle, involving over 4,000 other plaintiffs in multi-district litigation (MDL), emphasizes the impact of the crisis on public health.

What Needs to Be Done

To protect public health from AFFF foam and cancer, it is essential to reduce exposure to PFAS chemicals. This can be done by:

Phasing out the use of AFFF foam: AFFF foam is no longer necessary for most firefighting applications. There are now safe and effective alternatives available. Governments and industry should work together to transition to PFAS-free firefighting foam as soon as possible.

Cleaning up PFAS contamination in drinking water and soil: PFAS contamination is a serious problem in many communities. Governments need to invest in cleaning up contaminated drinking water and soil. This is a complex and expensive task, but it is essential to protect public health.

Investing in research on the health effects of PFAS exposure: More research is needed to understand the full range of health effects associated with PFAS exposure. Governments and industry should invest in research to identify and address these health risks.

Developing new regulations to limit PFAS exposure: Existing regulations on PFAS are inadequate. Governments need to develop new regulations to limit PFAS exposure in all aspects of the environment, including drinking water, food, air, and consumer products.

TorHoerman Law notes that in addition to these specific steps, it’s crucial to raise awareness of the dangers of AFFF foam and PFAS chemicals. People need to know about the risks so that they can take steps to protect themselves and their families.


Through our examination of AFFF, it becomes glaringly evident how human innovation, while remarkable, can sometimes lead to unforeseen and unsettling outcomes. The intricate interplay between AFFF and its impact on public health serves as a sobering reminder of this truth.

As we reflect on the alarming implications of AFFF foam exposure, the pressing need for unified efforts becomes undeniable. It falls upon each one of us to champion heightened awareness, advocate for stricter regulations, and support the development of safer firefighting alternatives.

While the path ahead might be challenging, it is a journey we must embark on together. Our commitment to this cause is vital, ensuring the protection of our health and the well-being of future generations.