Prostate Cancer vs Testicular Cancer: The Risk Factors Explained

As you get older, you have more of a risk of developing cancer. This can cause some anxiety, as there are many different types of cancer. One of the cancers you might worry about is prostate cancer, as it affects the prostate gland.

You might also worry about testicular cancer, as that specifically attacks the testicles. What’s the difference between the two diseases? We’ll discuss each below. Keep reading below to learn more about prostate cancer vs testicular cancer! 

Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

While both cancers involve abnormal cell growth in the reproductive system, they have different risk factors. For prostate cancer, these are:


Prostate cancer primarily affects men over the age of 50, with the risk increasing with each passing decade. This is due to the natural aging process and the gradual changes in hormone levels.

Family History

One of the most significant risk factors for prostate cancer is family history. Men who have a first-degree relative, such as a father or brother, with prostate cancer have a higher chance of developing the disease themselves. This is due to genetic factors that can increase the likelihood of abnormal cell growth in the prostate.

Race and Ethnicity

While both cancers can have similar symptoms and effects on the body, they have different risk factors and cancer diagnosis. Race and ethnicity play a significant role in determining a person’s risk of developing either prostate or testicular cancer.

Studies have shown that African-American men have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer compared to Caucasian men. 

Diet and Prostate Cancer

New studies show that what you eat has a big effect on how likely you are to get prostate cancer. Prostate cancer risk goes up when you eat a lot of red meat, processed foods, and dairy products. On the other hand, the risk may go down if you eat a lot of fruits, veggies, and whole grains.

Making healthy food choices may not only lower the chance of getting prostate cancer, but it may also make your health better in general.


Studies have shown that men who are overweight are more likely to get cancer of the prostate and testicles. This is because the body has more estrogen and more inflammation, both of which can help cancer grow.

Keeping a healthy weight through food and exercise can make it less likely that you will get these types of cancer.

Exposure to Agent Orange

Agent Orange is a highly toxic herbicide used during the Vietnam War. Studies have shown that veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange during their service have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer compared to those who were not exposed.

This is because the chemicals in Agent Orange can damage the DNA in cells, increasing the likelihood of cancer development. Therefore, it is important for veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange to be vigilant and prioritize regular screenings for prostate and testicular cancer to catch any potential cases early.


There are different risk factors and reasons for each, even though they both start in the male reproductive system. The chance of getting prostate cancer goes up when there are problems with hormones, especially when amounts of testosterone and other androgens rise.

The prostate cells grow faster because of these hormones, which can cause cancerous cells to form.

Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer

Although both cancers develop in the male reproductive system, they have different risk factors. Testicular cancer risk factors include:


Testicular cancer is more prevalent in younger men, typically between the ages of 20 and 39. This is because the cells in the testicles are still actively dividing during this age range, making them more susceptible to mutations and potentially leading to the development of cancer.

Regardless of age, it is crucial for men to stay informed about the risk factors and to get regular screenings to detect these cancers early on.


Cryptorchidism is a disease in which one or both testicles do not fall into the scrotum while the fetus is growing. This raises the risk of testicular cancer because genetic changes that cause abnormal cells to grow are more likely to happen in the testicle that hasn’t fallen out yet.

Cryptorchidism raises the chance of testicular cancer, so it’s important to check yourself regularly and catch problems early.

Family History

There doesn’t seem to be a strong link between family background and getting testicular cancer. Men who have a family history of testicular cancer may have a higher chance, though, because of things in their environment or the way they live their lives.

Men should know what kind of health problems run in their families and talk to their doctor about any worries they have in order to figure out the best way to avoid them and catch them early.

Race and Ethnicity

A higher percentage of white men than African-American men get testicular cancer. This is because of differences in genetic and environmental factors, as well as how easy it is to get medical care and how screenings are done.

Men of all races and ethnicities should be aware of these risk factors and get screened regularly to find these cancers early. By knowing these differences, doctors can specifically target and effectively treat and avoid prostate and testicular cancer in different racial and ethnic groups.

Certain Genetic Changes

One of the risk factors for both prostate and testicular cancer is certain genetic changes. These changes can be inherited from family members or can occur during a person’s lifetime.

In both cases, these genetic mutations can increase the risk of developing cancer by causing abnormal growth and division of cells. It is important that you be aware of your medical history and understand your genetic blueprint with this DNA test to detect any potential genetic predisposition to these cancers.

Understanding the Subtle Differences of Prostate Cancer vs Testicular Cancer

Understanding the risk factors of prostate cancer vs testicular cancer is crucial in early detection and prevention. By making necessary lifestyle changes and regularly getting tested, we can reduce our risk of developing these cancers.

Remember, early detection can save lives. Don’t wait, take action and prioritize your health today.

Check out our other blog posts for more informative content.